INDIGENOUS VARIETIES

Indigenous varieties of fruits and vines represent a valuable source of germplasm suitable for breeding. These varieties are extremely adapted to our agro-climatic conditions and spontaneously grow, they survive on our fingers and for a hundred years. Given that they are accustomed to our agro-climatic conditions, they are less likely to develop normally. The dawn of globalization was the suppression of old varieties and the use of new varieties and hybrids with significantly higher yields in order to meet the growing need for food with an enormous increase in the global population. Because of this, autochthonous varieties are significantly suppressed, marginalized, and now can only be found in old, neglected orchards and vineyards, in inaccessible areas and old rural farms where they are resistant to all troubles. Also, monastery estates are the “vaults” of these old varieties where from the knees to the knee passed knowledge of fruit and wine growing, spinning and cutting crafts. In recent years, there has been a significant interest in autochthonous varieties, so that nursery growers and sprouts began to produce – grafts of increasingly old varieties.

Apple:
1) Petrovača suva i kisela
2) Budimka
3) Krstovača
4) Kožara
5) Zelenika
6) Šumaovka
7) Kolačara
Pear:
1) Lubeničarka
2) Limunka
3) Vodenjak
4) Arapka
5) Karamanka
6) Krasanka
7) Takuša
8) Ječmenka
Vine:
1) Tamjanika crna i bela
2) Drenak
3) Plovdina-Lisičina
4) Prokupac
5) Začinak
6) Kadarka – Skadarka
7) Bagrina
Apricot:
1) domaća sitna kajsija
Peach:
1) vinogradarska