JOINT PROJECT FOR CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES FROM BORDER AREAS AS CONSEQUENCES OF CLIMATE CHANGE

In the last 100 year, European agriculture suffered significant changes. Beginning of 21st century is marked by a global scarcity of water resources, environmental pollution and increased soil and water salinity. In these circumstances the best solution is to identify, collecting and exploiting local ecotypes of fruit trees and vines grown in the border areas, which are not currently known (except by those in whose households there are).

Presenting a high capacity of tolerance to some abiotic stress factors, fruit trees and grapevine genotypes may represent an important source of genes, with which in the future breeding programs can create varieties with high adaptability to adverse impacts of climate change. On the other hand, local collection of these genotypes will contribute to the identification, protection, conservation, and enhancement of existing natural resources in the border area, thus preserving the identity of the Euroregion in the context of agriculture globalization.

The project is a relevant initiative for Interreg IPA CBC program Romania-Serbia because propose a theme for collaboration based on similar situations existing in the Romanian-Serbian border area. The partnership created through joint participation in project activities, by creating a Euroregion germplasm repository will overcome specific issues related to the connectedness of the region, both internally – between the border regions, and externally – between the border regions and neighbouring areas.

Enhancing protection and sustainable use of natural resources, with the improvement of capacities of competent bodies and promotion of cross border networks for education and studies on environmental resources will be the programme priority specific objective. During project ongoing will be develop a joint program for identification, collection, preservation and sustainable exploitation of local tree fruit and grapevine germplasm tree and the resident population will be informed on quality and quantity of environmental resources in the eligible area, and on the benefits of protection action.

The project expected results are conservation, protection and sustainable use of fruit tree and grapevine germplasm resources in the cross border area, and the establishment of cross-border networks for education and studies concerning the environmental resources, by carrying out the study of germplasm resource evaluation, by organizing the summer school and the setting up a fruit tree and grapevine germplasm repository in the cross-border area.

This partnership will be a model for common approaches to joint problems and it will be applied to solve the problems caused by climate change in other regions / countries by involving educational institutions or research, enabling the transfer of knowledge and technology to socio-economic environment.

Project outputs: Awareness of the population (target groups) about the importance of protection, conservation and enhancement of fruit trees and grapevine local cross-border germplasm resources in the context climate change, corresponds to: Awareness on the potential of environmental resources and the benefits of protection. Resident population informed on quality and quantity of environmental resources in the eligible area, and on the benefits of protection actions. Because the project involves by its activities: conferences, trainings and summer school, increasing awareness of target groups and the general public on fruit tree and grapevine germplasm resources in the border area, the importance of its protection, conservation and capitalization.

Project code: RORS-18

Financing of the Project:
From the European Union and from the own funds of the Project participants

Project objective:
Preservation of indigenous varieties of fruits and vines from border areas from the consequences of climate change.

Regions that include the Project:
Northern, Central and South Banat, Borski, Braničevski and Podunavski district

Partners on the project:
1) Leading partner – Banat’s University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania, Timisoara”
2) High Technical School of Professional Studies, Pozarevac

The duration of the project:
18 months,
04/21/2017. until 21.10.2018.

Reporting mode:
quarterly, reports are submitted electronically via eMS software for 3 months.

Person engaged on the project:
dr Vladan Đulaković – project manager
Milivoje Milovanović, Ph.D. – Communication expert
Dr. Vladanka Stupar – expert for testing of soil
Tatjana Sekulić, PhD – expert for biological resources
msc Darko Stojicevic – expert for genetic resources
B.Sc. Rade Medić – Finance expert

Project Activities:

Initially, through a series of meetings, both project partners agreed a plan of activities. Quarterly, a procurement plan has been prepared and a budget defined. After that, sites were established in the mentioned regions where there are information about indigenous varieties of fruits and vines. During the autumn of 2017 there was a field visit, mapping, recording and determination of indigenous varieties in the border area. The created map of the sites of autochthonous varieties was used for further testing, taking soil samples as well as plant material that would later be kept under strictly controlled conditions and with the culture of tissues and other copying techniques preserved from oblivion. In addition to its goal of preserving autochthonous varieties, the project also contributes to the development of higher education institutions through networking and collaboration with other institutions of the same type. The equipment purchased through this project will significantly improve and facilitate the work of both teaching staff and VSTŠSS students in Požarevac

Indigenous varieties:

Indigenous varieties of fruits and vines represent a valuable source of germplasm suitable for breeding. These varieties are extremely adapted to our agro-climatic conditions and spontaneously grow, they survive on our fingers and for a hundred years. Given that they are accustomed to our agro-climatic conditions, they are less likely to develop normally. The dawn of globalization was the suppression of old varieties and the use of new varieties and hybrids with significantly higher yields in order to meet the growing need for food with an enormous increase in the global population. Because of this, autochthonous varieties are significantly suppressed, marginalized, and now can only be found in old, neglected orchards and vineyards, in inaccessible areas and old rural farms where they are resistant to all troubles. Also, monastery estates are the “vaults” of these old varieties where from the knees to the knee passed knowledge of fruit and wine growing, spinning and cutting crafts. In recent years, there has been a significant interest in autochthonous varieties, so that nursery growers and sprouts began to produce – grafts of increasingly old varieties.

Apple:
1) Petrovača suva i kisela
2) Budimka
3) Krstovača
4) Kožara
5) Zelenika
6) Šumaovka
7) Kolačara

Pear:
1) Lubeničarka
2) Limunka
3) Vodenjak
4) Arapka
5) Karamanka
6) Krasanka
7) Takuša
8) Ječmenka

Apricot:
1) domaća sitna kajsija

Peach:
1) vinogradarska

Vine:
1) Tamjanika crna i bela
2) Drenak
3) Plovdina-Lisičina
4) Prokupac
5) Začinak
6) Kadarka – Skadarka
7) Bagrina